Android开发获取重力加速度和磁场强度的方法

释放双眼,带上耳机,听听看~!

Android获取重力加速度和磁场强度主要依靠:

Sensor.getRotationMatrix (float[] R, float[] I, float[] gravity, float[] geomagnetic)

输入数据:

gravity为重力传感器测得的重力加速度float[3];
geomagnetic为罗盘传感器测得的地磁数据float[3];

输出数据:

R为通过这个方法计算得到的从手机的设备到坐标系到真实世界坐标系的转换矩阵

I为从将地磁数据转换到重力数据所在坐标的旋转矩阵

[0 0 g] = R * gravity (g = 重力加速度)
[0 m 0] = I * R * geomagnetic (m = 磁场强度)

下面是我做的结果图

核心部分代码如下:

public class MainActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements SensorEventListener {
private static final String TAG = "CompassActivity";
private SensorManager sensorManager;
//记录rotationMatrix矩阵值
private float[] r = new float[9];
private float[] gravity = null;
private float[] geomagnetic = null;
private float[] I=new float[9];
private Handler handler=new Handler(){
@Override
public void handleMessage(Message msg) {
if(gravity!=null&&geomagnetic!=null)
{
if(SensorManager.getRotationMatrix(r, I, gravity, geomagnetic)) {
float gri = gravity[0] * r[6] + gravity[1] * r[7] + gravity[2] * r[8];
float h= (I[3]*r[0]+I[4]*r[3]+I[5]*r[6])*geomagnetic[0]+
(I[3]*r[1]+I[4]*r[4]+I[5]*r[7])*geomagnetic[1]+
(I[3]*r[2]+I[4]*r[5]+I[5]*r[8])*geomagnetic[2];
TextView textView = (TextView) findViewById(R.id.textView);
textView.setText("重力加速度" + gri + "n"+"磁场强度" + h + "n");
}
}
}
};
@Override
protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);
sensorManager = (SensorManager) getSystemService(SENSOR_SERVICE);
}
@Override
public boolean onCreateOptionsMenu(Menu menu) {
// Inflate the menu; this adds items to the action bar if it is present.
getMenuInflater().inflate(R.menu.menu_main, menu);
return true;
}
@Override
public boolean onOptionsItemSelected(MenuItem item) {
// Handle action bar item clicks here. The action bar will
// automatically handle clicks on the Home/Up button, so long
// as you specify a parent activity in AndroidManifest.xml.
int id = item.getItemId();
//noinspection SimplifiableIfStatement
if (id == R.id.action_settings) {
return true;
}
return super.onOptionsItemSelected(item);
}
@Override
public void onSensorChanged(SensorEvent sensorEvent) {
switch (sensorEvent.sensor.getType()){
case Sensor.TYPE_ACCELEROMETER:
gravity=sensorEvent.values;
handler.sendEmptyMessage(0);
break;
case Sensor.TYPE_MAGNETIC_FIELD:
geomagnetic=sensorEvent.values;
handler.sendEmptyMessage(0);
break;
default:break;
}
}
@Override
public void onAccuracyChanged(Sensor sensor, int i) {
}
private void showMessage(String message){
View view=findViewById(R.id.fab);
final Snackbar snackbar=Snackbar.make(view, message, Snackbar.LENGTH_INDEFINITE);
snackbar.setAction("关闭", new View.OnClickListener() {
@Override
public void onClick(View view) {
snackbar.dismiss();
}
});
snackbar.show();
}
@Override
protected void onPause() {
super.onPause();
sensorManager.unregisterListener(this);
}
@Override
protected void onResume() {
super.onResume();
Sensor sensor1=sensorManager.getDefaultSensor(Sensor.TYPE_ACCELEROMETER);
sensorManager.registerListener(this,sensor1,SensorManager.SENSOR_DELAY_UI);
Sensor sensor2=sensorManager.getDefaultSensor(Sensor.TYPE_MAGNETIC_FIELD);
sensorManager.registerListener(this,sensor2,SensorManager.SENSOR_DELAY_UI);
}
}

人已赞赏
Android文章

Android开发RecyclerView双列表联动

2020-2-1 16:39:27

Android文章

Android开发仿百度地图的凹陷BottomNavigationView

2020-2-1 17:38:36

个人中心
购物车
优惠劵
今日签到
有新私信 私信列表
搜索