Android实现上传文件功能的方法

释放双眼,带上耳机,听听看~!

 

主要功能代码如下:

package com.test;
import java.io.DataOutputStream;
import java.io.FileInputStream;
import java.io.InputStream;
import java.net.HttpURLConnection;
import java.net.URL;
import android.app.Activity;
import android.app.AlertDialog;
import android.content.DialogInterface;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.view.View;
import android.widget.Button;
import android.widget.TextView;
public class Main extends Activity {
/* 变量声明
* newName:上传后在服务器上的文件名称
* uploadFile:要上传的文件路径
* actionUrl:服务器上对应的程序路径 */
private String newName="image.jpg";
private String uploadFile="/data/image.jpg";
private String actionUrl="http://l27.0.0.1/upload/upload.jsp";
private TextView mText1;
private TextView mText2;
private Button mButton;
@Override
public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState)
{
super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
setContentView(R.layout.main);
mText1 = (TextView) findViewById(R.id.myText2);
mText1.setText("文件路径:n"+uploadFile);
mText2 = (TextView) findViewById(R.id.myText3);
mText2.setText("上传网址:n"+actionUrl);
/* 设置mButton的onClick事件处理 */
mButton = (Button) findViewById(R.id.myButton);
mButton.setOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener()
{
public void onClick(View v)
{
uploadFile();
}
});
}
/* 上传文件至Server的方法 */
private void uploadFile()
{
String end = "rn";
String twoHyphens = "--";
String boundary = "*****";
try
{
URL url =new URL(actionUrl);
HttpURLConnection con=(HttpURLConnection)url.openConnection();
/* 允许Input、Output,不使用Cache */
con.setDoInput(true);
con.setDoOutput(true);
con.setUseCaches(false);
/* 设置传送的method=POST */
con.setRequestMethod("POST");
/* setRequestProperty */
con.setRequestProperty("Connection", "Keep-Alive");
con.setRequestProperty("Charset", "UTF-8");
con.setRequestProperty("Content-Type",
"multipart/form-data;boundary="+boundary);
/* 设置DataOutputStream */
DataOutputStream ds =
new DataOutputStream(con.getOutputStream());
ds.writeBytes(twoHyphens + boundary + end);
ds.writeBytes("Content-Disposition: form-data; " +
"name="file1";filename="" +
newName +""" + end);
ds.writeBytes(end);
/* 取得文件的FileInputStream */
FileInputStream fStream = new FileInputStream(uploadFile);
/* 设置每次写入1024bytes */
int bufferSize = 1024;
byte[] buffer = new byte[bufferSize];
int length = -1;
/* 从文件读取数据至缓冲区 */
while((length = fStream.read(buffer)) != -1)
{
/* 将资料写入DataOutputStream中 */
ds.write(buffer, 0, length);
}
ds.writeBytes(end);
ds.writeBytes(twoHyphens + boundary + twoHyphens + end);
/* close streams */
fStream.close();
ds.flush();
/* 取得Response内容 */
InputStream is = con.getInputStream();
int ch;
StringBuffer b =new StringBuffer();
while( ( ch = is.read() ) != -1 )
{
b.append( (char)ch );
}
/* 将Response显示于Dialog */
showDialog(b.toString().trim());
/* 关闭DataOutputStream */
ds.close();
}
catch(Exception e)
{
showDialog(""+e);
}
}
/* 显示Dialog的method */
private void showDialog(String mess)
{
new AlertDialog.Builder(Main.this).setTitle("Message")
.setMessage(mess)
.setNegativeButton("确定",new DialogInterface.OnClickListener()
{
public void onClick(DialogInterface dialog, int which)
{
}
})
.show();
}
}

 

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