iOS开发对UIImage进行截取和缩放的方法

释放双眼,带上耳机,听听看~!

 

截取UIImage指定大小区域
最近遇到这样的需求:从服务器获取到一张照片,只需要显示他的左半部分,或者中间部分等等。也就是截取UIImage指定大小区域。

UIImage扩展:

我的解决方案是对UIImage进行扩展。通过CGImageRef和CGImage完成截取,调用的方法是:CGImageCreateWithImageInRect。扩展类叫UIImage+Crop,具体代码如下:

UIImage+Crop.h

#import <UIKit/UIKit.h>
typedef NS_ENUM(NSInteger, XYCropImageStyle){
XYCropImageStyleRight        =0,   // 右半部分
XYCropImageStyleCenter       =1,   // 中间部分
XYCropImageStyleLeft        =2,   // 左半部分
XYCropImageStyleRightOneOfThird   =3,   // 右侧三分之一部分
XYCropImageStyleCenterOneOfThird  =4,   // 中间三分之一部分
XYCropImageStyleLeftOneOfThird   =5,   // 左侧三分之一部分
XYCropImageStyleRightQuarter    =6,   // 右侧四分之一部分
XYCropImageStyleCenterRightQuarter =7,   // 中间右侧四分之一部分
XYCropImageStyleCenterLeftQuarter  =8,   // 中间左侧四分之一部分
XYCropImageStyleLeftQuarter     =9,   // 左侧四分之一部分
};
@interface UIImage (Crop)
- (UIImage *)imageByCroppingWithStyle:(XYCropImageStyle)style;
@end
UIImage+Crop.m
#import "UIImage+Crop.h"
@implementation UIImage (Crop)
- (UIImage *)imageByCroppingWithStyle:(XYCropImageStyle)style
{
CGRect rect;
switch (style) {
case XYCropImageStyleLeft:
rect = CGRectMake(0, 0, self.size.width/2, self.size.height);
break;
case XYCropImageStyleCenter:
rect = CGRectMake(self.size.width/4, 0, self.size.width/2, self.size.height);
break;
case XYCropImageStyleRight:
rect = CGRectMake(self.size.width/2, 0, self.size.width/2, self.size.height);
break;
case XYCropImageStyleLeftOneOfThird:
rect = CGRectMake(0, 0, self.size.width/3, self.size.height);
break;
case XYCropImageStyleCenterOneOfThird:
rect = CGRectMake(self.size.width/3, 0, self.size.width/3, self.size.height);
break;
case XYCropImageStyleRightOneOfThird:
rect = CGRectMake(self.size.width/3*2, 0, self.size.width/3, self.size.height);
break;
case XYCropImageStyleLeftQuarter:
rect = CGRectMake(0, 0, self.size.width/4, self.size.height);
break;
case XYCropImageStyleCenterLeftQuarter:
rect = CGRectMake(self.size.width/4, 0, self.size.width/4, self.size.height);
break;
case XYCropImageStyleCenterRightQuarter:
rect = CGRectMake(self.size.width/4*2, 0, self.size.width/4, self.size.height);
break;
case XYCropImageStyleRightQuarter:
rect = CGRectMake(self.size.width/4*3, 0, self.size.width/4, self.size.height);
break;
default:
break;
}
CGImageRef imageRef = self.CGImage;
CGImageRef imagePartRef = CGImageCreateWithImageInRect(imageRef, rect);
UIImage *cropImage = [UIImage imageWithCGImage:imagePartRef];
CGImageRelease(imagePartRef);
return cropImage;
}

实际运用:

简单测试一下,看看有没有实现我们想要的效果。首先,先加载一个完整的UIImageView。这个应该不难。代码如下:

UIImageView *imgView = [[UIImageView alloc] init];
imgView.frame = CGRectMake((SCREEN.width - 226) / 2, 100, 226, 106);
UIImage *image = [UIImage imageNamed:@"ganggang"];
imgView.image = image;
[self.view addSubview:imgView];

运行一下:

201642391121594.png (640×1136)

要对UIImage进行裁剪,首先导入头文件:

#import "UIImage+Crop.h"

在上面UIImage *image = [UIImage imageNamed:@”ganggang”];这段代码之后加上下面这句:

image = [image imageByCroppingWithStyle:XYCropImageStyleLeft];

XYCropImageStyleLeft是截取照片的左半部分。效果如下:

201642391201105.png (640×1136)

截取成功,还可以截取其他区域的,只需要传入不同的XYCropImageStyle即可实现。

UIImage等比缩放
前面讲了截取UIImage指定大小区域,很方便的截取UIImage。今天要和大家分享的是UIImage的缩放。

两种缩放:

  • 缩放到指定大小,也就是指定的size.
  • 等比缩放。

1.缩放到指定大小

- (UIImage*)imageCompressWithSimple:(UIImage*)image scaledToSize:(CGSize)size
{
UIGraphicsBeginImageContext(size);
[image drawInRect:CGRectMake(0,0,size.width,size.height)];
UIImage* newImage = UIGraphicsGetImageFromCurrentImageContext();
UIGraphicsEndImageContext();
return newImage;
}

2.等比缩放

(1)通过缩放系数:

- (UIImage*)imageCompressWithSimple:(UIImage*)image scale:(float)scale
{
CGSize size = image.size;
CGFloat width = size.width;
CGFloat height = size.height;
CGFloat scaledWidth = width * scale;
CGFloat scaledHeight = height * scale;
UIGraphicsBeginImageContext(size); // this will crop
[image drawInRect:CGRectMake(0,0,scaledWidth,scaledHeight)];
UIImage* newImage= UIGraphicsGetImageFromCurrentImageContext();
UIGraphicsEndImageContext();
return newImage;
}

scale是缩放系数 。

(2)通过计算得到缩放系数

- (UIImage*)imageByScalingAndCroppingForSize:(CGSize)targetSize
{
UIImage *sourceImage = [UIImage imageNamed:@"test.jpg"];
UIImage *newImage = nil;
CGSize imageSize = sourceImage.size;
CGFloat width = imageSize.width;
CGFloat height = imageSize.height;
CGFloat targetWidth = targetSize.width;
CGFloat targetHeight = targetSize.height;
CGFloat scaleFactor = 0.0;
CGFloat scaledWidth = targetWidth;
CGFloat scaledHeight = targetHeight;
CGPoint thumbnailPoint = CGPointMake(0.0,0.0);
if (CGSizeEqualToSize(imageSize, targetSize) == NO)
{
CGFloat widthFactor = targetWidth / width;
CGFloat heightFactor = targetHeight / height;
if (widthFactor > heightFactor)
scaleFactor = widthFactor; // scale to fit height
else
scaleFactor = heightFactor; // scale to fit width
scaledWidth= width * scaleFactor;
scaledHeight = height * scaleFactor;
// center the image
if (widthFactor > heightFactor)
{
thumbnailPoint.y = (targetHeight - scaledHeight) * 0.5;
}
else if (widthFactor < heightFactor)
{
thumbnailPoint.x = (targetWidth - scaledWidth) * 0.5;
}
}
UIGraphicsBeginImageContext(targetSize); // this will crop
CGRect thumbnailRect = CGRectZero;
thumbnailRect.origin = thumbnailPoint;
thumbnailRect.size.width= scaledWidth;
thumbnailRect.size.height = scaledHeight;
[sourceImage drawInRect:thumbnailRect];
newImage = UIGraphicsGetImageFromCurrentImageContext();
if(newImage == nil)
NSLog(@"could not scale image");
//pop the context to get back to the default
UIGraphicsEndImageContext();
return newImage;
}

 

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