iOS 字符串属性方法

释放双眼,带上耳机,听听看~!

 

1.创建字符串

(1)常量字符串


NSString *string = @"i am an iOSDevTip!";

 

(2)常用创建方法

NSString *string = [[NSString alloc] init];

string = @"i am an iOSDevTip too!";

 

(3)用initWithString创建字符串

NSString *string = [[NSString alloc] initWithString:@"iOSDevTip is here!"];

 

2.格式化创建字符串

(1)int格式化字符串


int age = 20;
NSString *personAge = [NSString stringWithFormat:@"this person age is %d",age];

 

既然int格式化字符串,那么float、double等,也可以格式化字符串。

(2)NSString格式化字符串

NSString *name = @"iOSDevTip";
NSString *personName = [NSString stringWithFormat:@"this person name is %@",name];

 

3.字符串比较

(1)isEqualToString方法比较

NSString *stingOne = @"This is an iOSDevTip!";
NSString *stringTwo = @"This is an iOSDevTip!";
BOOL result = [stingOne isEqualToString:stringTwo];

 

(2)compare方法比较


BOOL result = [stingOne compare:stringTwo] == NSOrderedSame;

 

compare:方法返回值类型为NSComparisonResult。而NSComparisonResult有下面几个枚举值。


typedef NS_ENUM(NSInteger, NSComparisonResult) {NSOrderedAscending = -1L, NSOrderedSame, NSOrderedDescending};

 

4.字符串大小写转换

(1)小写转大写

 NSString *string = @"This is an iOSDevTip!";
[string lowercaseString];

 

(2)大写转小写


NSString *string = @"This is an iOSDevTip!";
[string uppercaseString];

 

(3)首字母大写




NSString *string = @"ligang";
NSLog(@"string: %@",[string capitalizedString]);

 

打印:

2019-07-16 23:06:11.652 iOSStrongDemo[10279:3062010] string: Ligang

5.截取字符串

(1)substringToIndex截取字符串


NSString *string = @"This is a operation string!";
NSString *subToString = [string substringToIndex:6];

 

(2)截取的subToString为This i

substringFromIndex截取字符串

NSString *subFromString = [string substringFromIndex:6];

(3)截取的subFromString为s a operation string!

substringWithRange截取字符串

NSString *rangeString = [string substringWithRange:NSMakeRange(6, 3)];

截取的rangeString为s a!

6.判断字符串是否包含另一个字符串

(1)rangeOfString判断

NSString *string1 = @"This is a iOSDevTip";
NSString *string2 = @"iOSDevTip";
NSRange range = [string1 rangeOfString:string2];
NSInteger location = range.location;
NSInteger leight = range.length;
NSString *logString = [[NSString alloc] initWithString:[NSString stringWithFormat:@"Location:%ld,Leight:%ld",location,leight]];
NSLog(@"logString:%@",logString);

打印出来:

iOSStrongDemo[8837:2221170] logString:Location:10,Leight:9

(2)判断是否包含前后缀


NSString *string = @"I love China";
BOOL isHasI = [string hasPrefix:@"I"];
BOOL isHasChina = [string hasSuffix:@"China"];

7.分割字符串

NSString *string = @"This is a iOSDevTip";
NSArray *array = [string componentsSeparatedByString:@"a"];
NSString *string1 = [array objectAtIndex:0];
NSString *string2 = [array objectAtIndex:1];
NSLog(@"string1:%@  string2:%@",string1,string2);

打印:

2019-07-16 22:40:39.559 iOSStrongDemo[10165:3055448] string1:This is  string2: iOSDevTip

8.插入字符串

NSMutableString *string = [[NSMutableString alloc] initWithString:@"I China"];
[string insertString:@"Love " atIndex:2];
NSLog(@"string: %@",string);

打印:

2019-07-16 22:44:10.706 iOSStrongDemo[10206:3057014] string: I Love China

(1)追加字符串


NSMutableString *string = [[NSMutableString alloc] initWithString:@"I Love "];
[string appendString:@"China"];
NSLog(@"string:%@",string);

打印:

2019-07-16 22:42:32.305 iOSStrongDemo[10189:3056410] string:I Love China

9.删除字符串

NSMutableString *string = [[NSMutableString alloc] initWithString:@"I love China"];
[string deleteCharactersInRange:NSMakeRange(2, 4)];
NSLog(@"String1: %@",string);

打印:

2019-07-16 22:46:58.437 iOSStrongDemo[10219:3057749] String1: I China

10.替换字符串


NSString *string = @"I love China";
NSString *replaceString = [string stringByReplacingOccurrencesOfString:@"love" withString:@"like"];
NSLog(@"replaceString:  %@",replaceString);

打印:

2019-07-16 22:56:07.405 iOSStrongDemo[10236:3059503] replaceString: I like China

11.去除字符串首尾的空格和换行符

NSString *string = @" I love China ";
NSString *text = [string stringByTrimmingCharactersInSet:[NSCharacterSet whitespaceAndNewlineCharacterSet]];
NSLog(@"text:%@",text);

打印:

2019-07-16 23:00:47.845 iOSStrongDemo[10265:3061013] text:I love China

 

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