iOS使用runtime将JSON转换成Model

释放双眼,带上耳机,听听看~!

这里简单介绍如何使用runtime将JSON转换成Model.

封装initWithNSDictionary:方法

该方法接收NSDictionary对象, 返回PersonModel对象.

#pragma mark - 使用runtime将JSON转成Model
- (void)json2Model {
NSString *file = [[NSBundle mainBundle] pathForResource:@"Persons" ofType:@"json"];
NSData *data = [NSData dataWithContentsOfFile:file];
NSMutableArray *array = [NSJSONSerialization JSONObjectWithData:data options:NSJSONReadingMutableContainers error:nil];
for (NSDictionary *model in array) {
PersonModel *person = [[PersonModel alloc] initWithNSDictionary:model];
NSLog(@"%@, %ld, %@, %@", person.name, (long)person.age, person.city, person.job);
}
}

使用runtime实现

PersonModel的头文件如下:

#import <Foundation/Foundation.h>
@interface PersonModel : NSObject
@property (nonatomic, copy) NSString *name;
@property (nonatomic, assign) NSInteger age;
@property (nonatomic, copy) NSString *city;
@property (nonatomic, copy) NSString *job;
- (instancetype)initWithNSDictionary:(NSDictionary *)dict;
@end

实现文件:

#import "PersonModel.h"
#import <objc/runtime.h>
@implementation PersonModel
- (instancetype)initWithNSDictionary:(NSDictionary *)dict {
self = [super init];
if (self) {
[self prepareModel:dict];
}
return self;
}
- (void)prepareModel:(NSDictionary *)dict {
NSMutableArray *keys = [[NSMutableArray alloc] init];
u_int count = 0;
objc_property_t *properties = class_copyPropertyList([self class], &count);
for (int i = 0; i < count; i++) {
objc_property_t property = properties[i];
const char *propertyCString = property_getName(property);
NSString *propertyName = [NSString stringWithCString:propertyCString encoding:NSUTF8StringEncoding];
[keys addObject:propertyName];
}
free(properties);
for (NSString *key in keys) {
if ([dict valueForKey:key]) {
[self setValue:[dict valueForKey:key] forKey:key];
}
}
}
@end

其中的代码也很简单:
使用class_copyPropertyList获取Model的所有属性列表, 遍历该列表使用property_getName即可得到所有属性名.
对于PersonModel中定义的属性, 使用KVC即可将dict中的值赋给该属性.

Demo

Demo请参考:
iOS-RuntimeDemo.

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