Git命令集之一——配置参数

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Git命令集之一——配置参数

1.–version命令

使用git –version命令可以获取当前安装个Git版本号。

2.–help命令

获取Git帮助文档,信息示例如下:

usage: git [--version] [--help] [-C <path>] [-c name=value]
           [--exec-path[=<path>]] [--html-path] [--man-path] [--info-path]
           [-p | --paginate | --no-pager] [--no-replace-objects] [--bare]
           [--git-dir=<path>] [--work-tree=<path>] [--namespace=<name>]
           <command> [<args>]

These are common Git commands used in various situations:

start a working area (see also: git help tutorial)
   clone      Clone a repository into a new directory
   init       Create an empty Git repository or reinitialize an existing one

work on the current change (see also: git help everyday)
   add        Add file contents to the index
   mv         Move or rename a file, a directory, or a symlink
   reset      Reset current HEAD to the specified state
   rm         Remove files from the working tree and from the index

examine the history and state (see also: git help revisions)
   bisect     Use binary search to find the commit that introduced a bug
   grep       Print lines matching a pattern
   log        Show commit logs
   show       Show various types of objects
   status     Show the working tree status

grow, mark and tweak your common history
   branch     List, create, or delete branches
   checkout   Switch branches or restore working tree files
   commit     Record changes to the repository
   diff       Show changes between commits, commit and working tree, etc
   merge      Join two or more development histories together
   rebase     Reapply commits on top of another base tip
   tag        Create, list, delete or verify a tag object signed with GPG

collaborate (see also: git help workflows)
   fetch      Download objects and refs from another repository
   pull       Fetch from and integrate with another repository or a local branch
   push       Update remote refs along with associated objects

'git help -a' and 'git help -g' list available subcommands and some
concept guides. See 'git help <command>' or 'git help <concept>'
to read about a specific subcommand or concept.

 

3.-C <Path>

这个命令用于修改git命令执行的目录,例如在桌面执行如下命令和进入到IBox文件夹中执行status是一样的:

git -C iBox status

4.-c <name>=<value>

在执行git命令时,添加这样的一个参数将使用新的value值替换掉config文件中name对应的参数配置的值来执行命令,示例如下:

git -c bare=false status

5.–exec-path

打印Git主程序所在的路径。

6.–html-path

打印Git文档所在路径。

7.–man-path

打印Git帮助文档所在路径。

8.–info-path

打印记录Git版本信息的文件路径。

9.–paginate

对Git的输出进行分页,对于大量信息的打印,可以分页进行查看。

10.–no-pager

对Git的输出不进行分页。

11.–git-dir=<path>

设置Git仓库的路径,默认情况下,我们都是在当前Git仓库目录内执行Git命令,有时候也可以在其他目录下对某个Git仓库进行操作,例如:

 git --git-dir=GitDemo/.git status

12.–work-tree=<path>

设置Git的工作目录,这个目录中文件变化都会记录到Git管理仓库中。

13.–namespace=<path>

设置Git的命名空间。

14.–bare

将Git仓库视为裸库。

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