安卓弹性滑动的几种实现方式

使用Scroller

实现弹性滑动的源码如下

    Scroller scroller=new Scroller(mContext);

    private void smoothScroolBy(int destx, int desty) {
        int scrollX=getScrollx();
        int deltax=destx-scrollx;
        mScroller.startScroll(scrollX, 0, deltax, 0,1000); //1000ms内滑向deltax,效果就是慢慢滑
        invalidate();
    }
    @Override
    public void computeScroll() {
        if (mScroller.computeScrollOffset()) {
            scrollTo(mScroller.getCurrX(), mScroller.getCurrY());
            postInvalidate();
        }
    }

原理:
1.构造一个Scroller对象,并调用startScroll方法。Scroller仅用来保存参数,无实际作用
2.invalidate会导致view重绘,draw又会调用computeScroll
3.computeScroll在view中为空方法,所以需要自己实现
4.postInvalidate再次重绘。并且会再次调用computeScroll

另外比较重要的还有computeScrollOffset方法的源码

 /**
     * Call this when you want to know the new location.  If it returns true,
     * the animation is not yet finished.
     */ 
    public boolean computeScrollOffset() {
        if (mFinished) {
            return false;
        }

        int timePassed = (int)(AnimationUtils.currentAnimationTimeMillis() - mStartTime);
    
        if (timePassed < mDuration) {
            switch (mMode) {
            case SCROLL_MODE:
                final float x = mInterpolator.getInterpolation(timePassed * mDurationReciprocal);
                mCurrX = mStartX + Math.round(x * mDeltaX);
                mCurrY = mStartY + Math.round(x * mDeltaY);
                break;
            case FLING_MODE:
                final float t = (float) timePassed / mDuration;
                final int index = (int) (NB_SAMPLES * t);
                float distanceCoef = 1.f;
                float velocityCoef = 0.f;
                if (index < NB_SAMPLES) {
                    final float t_inf = (float) index / NB_SAMPLES;
                    final float t_sup = (float) (index + 1) / NB_SAMPLES;
                    final float d_inf = SPLINE_POSITION[index];
                    final float d_sup = SPLINE_POSITION[index + 1];
                    velocityCoef = (d_sup - d_inf) / (t_sup - t_inf);
                    distanceCoef = d_inf + (t - t_inf) * velocityCoef;
                }

                mCurrVelocity = velocityCoef * mDistance / mDuration * 1000.0f;
                
                mCurrX = mStartX + Math.round(distanceCoef * (mFinalX - mStartX));
                // Pin to mMinX <= mCurrX <= mMaxX
                mCurrX = Math.min(mCurrX, mMaxX);
                mCurrX = Math.max(mCurrX, mMinX);
                
                mCurrY = mStartY + Math.round(distanceCoef * (mFinalY - mStartY));
                // Pin to mMinY <= mCurrY <= mMaxY
                mCurrY = Math.min(mCurrY, mMaxY);
                mCurrY = Math.max(mCurrY, mMinY);

                if (mCurrX == mFinalX && mCurrY == mFinalY) {
                    mFinished = true;
                }

                break;
            }
        }
        else {
            mCurrX = mFinalX;
            mCurrY = mFinalY;
            mFinished = true;
        }
        return true;
    }
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